Spanish architect’s great projects
Spain has given the world great architects who have designed some magnificent buildings within our borders and abroad.
A good architect must be a professional in the field as well as an artist, combining in his work: technology, functionality and beauty.
During the 20th and 21st centuries, architecture is on a high, architects are looking to enlarge buildings, show emotions, play with the shapes, different styles, prevailing the new technologies and giving constructions their own personalities as well as functionality.
We invite you to remember three great architectonic works of Spanish architects throughout the 20th century and three other magnificent ones built during the 21st century, in Spain and the rest of the world.
We are pointing out three of the most important architectonic works in the 20th century:
Sagrada Familia (Barcelona, 1882)
Author: Antonio Gaudí
It is considered one the most important architectonic works in our country, even though its constructor could not finish it. Gaudí designed an exceptional temple which was going to have 18 towers but, finally, he could just build one of them before he died.
The project is still being carried out thanks to the blueprints he left, the work of other artists and the money raised by donations and visits to the complex.
Gaudí is one of the most famous architects of his time and has more recognition these days. Other works of his can be pointed out such as the Güell Park and Palace or the Güell Colony Vault.
Plaza de España (Sevilla, 1929)
Author: Aníbal González
It is the largest regionalist style construction in Andalucia. Without a doubt, it was the main building during the 1929 Ibero-American Exposition, and it is one of the symbols of Sevilla with the Giralda and Torre del Oro.
Aníbal González was an icon and a referent in the Andalusian regionalist movement. Prestigious architect, his work has gone down in history, being one of the most recognized architects in Spain and abroad.
Torres Blancas (Madrid, 1968)
Author: Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza
It is considered to be the symbol of the Spanish architecture in the 20th century. The Torres Blancas resemble the illusion and frustration of the author for offering something different to architectonical scene of his era, recreating a growing tree.
De Oíza was a Spanish architect and a professor in the Installations Department in the Technical Superior School of Architecture that stood out for designing some of the most symbolic and polemic buildings in our country.
Some of his important works are the Poblados de Fuencarral-A, Madrid´s gauges or Festivities Palace of Santander.
Palacio de Congresos y Auditorio Kursaal (San Sebastián, 1999)
Author: Rafael Moneo
It might be Rafael Moneo´s most representative work. It combines contemporary and traditional elements, basing shapes on a Nordic style. It has become in one of the main icons of the Basque city and a cultural center.
Rafael Moeno, is without a doubt, an icon in architecture at a national and international level, with great works within our borders and abroad, winning multiple awards, being the first Spanish architect to receive the Pritzher Award, the most important award in architecture.
In the following paragraphs, we are mentioning the most important buildings in the 21st century:
Rijksmuseum (Ámsterdam, 2010)
Authors: Antonio Cruz y Antonio Ortiz
The Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam National Museum is a mandatory visit for every tourist. After 10 years of remodeling under the management of the Spanish architects Antonio Ortiz and Antonio Cruz, the museum was re-inaugurated in 2010, with an important reorganization of the collections in the museum.
Cruz and Ortiz Architect firm has developed, since its foundation in 1974, projects in different fields of the architecture at very different scales: from one-family houses or schools to large infrastructure such as stadiums, train stations or national museums.
T2 de Heathrow (Londres, 2014)
Author: Luis Vidal
It is known as ‘The Queen’s Terminal’, Heathrow T2 is designed by the Spanish architect Luis Vidal. It was inaugurated in 2014, the Londoner terminal was built the help of Ferrovial and it is constructed to support 20 millions of passengers a year, achieving the goal that was set: relieving stress and anxiety from passengers when travelling.
Furthermore, it was the first airport in the world to obtain the BREEM Excellence calcification, thanks to the designing which cuts down the C02 emissions by 40%.
Luis Vidal is a Spanish architect, founder of Luis+architects firm. Among its most remarkable pieces of work there is the Zaragoza Airport, the Can Misses Hospital, the transformation of an office building in Castellana, 77 and the Alvaro Cunqueiro Hospital.
Estación del World Trade Center (New York, 2016)
Author: Santiago Calatrava
The World Trade Center train station is considered the most expensive train station in which $4000 million were invested; it was inaugurated in March 2016 under the name of Oculus.
The station has a mall, restaurants, direct access to the WTC and connects the New York-New Jersey railway with the subway lines.
Santiago Calatrava is one of the most recognized and famous living architects in the Spanish scene. He is famous for designing, among others, the movie theatre and planetarium of the Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias of Valencia.