Industrialization in construction
The arrival of industrialization to the construction sector has been revolutionary.
Industrialized construction can anticipate a great number of tasks prior to starting the actual project.
These actions are carried out outside the working area: in factories, industrial plants or workshops.
It is about automatizing most of the steps in the construction process, making them more accurate and controlling them exhaustively.
Although there are some that believe that traditional style construction still is the most solid and durable way of building.
Industrialized construction is becoming more and more popular as a faster, cheaper and safer solution.
It does not matter the type of house; they can be affordable or luxurious.
All kind of buildings go under the same industrialized construction processes and must use prefabricated elements.
The main advantages of the industrialized construction are:
- Time and costs savings.
- The whole process is exhaustively monitored as well as quality checked.
- Great designing flexibility.
- Protecting the environment.
- Buildings are energy efficient and low maintenance.
The improvements have been qualitative and quantitative over the traditional construction system.
When comparing industrialized construction and traditional construction differences can be seen, resulting in industrialized construction being more profitable.
General process of the project: the traditional construction method allows more variations. Stages are less flexing when implementing industrialized construction.
Rapidity: industrialized construction is very fast to implement, and its processes take less than 50% of time than traditional processes.
Quality: both construction methods comply with quality standards, however, in the traditional method the risk of human errors is higher.
While in industrialized construction there is more control and each piece has its time and place.
Accuracy: in traditional construction, tolerances are measured in centimeters, allowing room for human errors.
In industrialized construction, room for errors is greatly reduced since tolerances are measured in millimeters.
Labor: traditional construction exclusively relies on available workers’ technical skills.
However, in industrialized construction, processes are much more automatic.
Project costs: industrialized construction offers closed pricing.
Which normally tends to be cheaper and time periods tend to be shorter in industrial construction.
Since, at first, costs can be lower, traditional construction involves higher risks which make it impossible to offer closed pricing.
Flexibility: one of the main advantages of industrial construction is its possibility of transformation and flexibility according to the needs of growth.
Environment: industrialized construction takes the most out the materials and resources, producing less waste and respecting the environment.
On the other hand, traditional construction, as the work site is the production site too, a lot of materials are wasted.
Impact on the working site: the impact on the working site caused by industrialized construction is reduced.
Most of the tasks take place outside the working site, reducing noises, traffic jams, dust production, etc.
Also, the completion of the project takes less time.
This way, the impact of the project in the bordering areas of the working site is much greater if using traditional construction.
Since most of the actions are carried out at working site.
To sum up, industrialized construction is fast, has quality, adapting and sustainable, making it ideal in every aspect.
Its implementation is easy and requires few workers.
For this reason, even after listing all its qualities, there is preconceived idea about industrialized construction.
This idea is based on the style of the construction build by using this method. They are considered uniform and unattractive.
However, this has changed and evolved over the last few years.
Nowadays, there numerous advances in designing and piece manufacturing for construction.
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